September 24, 2021

The Apollo Saturn rocket

As historian Roger Bilstein reported in his history of the Saturn project, NASA officials are considering possible moon landings during the presidency of Dwight Eisenhower (and The Giant Rocket Required for Such Missions), the “History of Technology to Saturn” Vehicle of Apollo / Saturn Launch “(NASA Office of History, 1996) With President John F. Kennedy’s declaration of the moon landing as a national goal in 1961, the Saturn Rocket family and the Marshall Center were given a clear mission: to provide power for travel
The Marshall Center took over the management of the old Michoud munitions factory near New Orleans, transformed it into a Saturn stage and is loaded onto a barge and transported to the launch site factory. The center already operates one one of those places in Cape Canaveral, Florida, which will eventually become the Kennedy Space Center. The
Marshall Center team completed the following tasks for the Apollo Project:
They built a large test bench large enough to test the engine while placing the entire Saturn rocket on the ground.
built a dynamic test bed large enough to accommodate the entire Apollo Saturn V rocket and subjected it to the expected vibration and stress during launch. According to the story of Dunar and Waring, the column was over 122 meters (400 feet) high and was the tallest building in northern Alabama at the time.
The metal is selected and a new welding method is invented to make Saturn’s huge propellant tank.
supervised IBM’s construction of the instrument unit, which is a computer ring located on the top of the third stage of the Saturn V, which can control and manipulate the vehicle independently of the Apollo spacecraft.
The “brain” of the Saturn V rocket that sent astronauts to the moon during the Apollo program was designed and assembled at the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama.
The instrument unit or “brain” of the Saturn V rocket that sent astronauts to the moon during the Apollo program was designed and assembled at the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. (Image Source: NASA)
Once all the Saturn rockets required by Apollo are completed or under construction, the center is tasked with providing a lunar rover, which is collapsible to fit the Apollo lunar module of electric car compartments replacement. As part of the Apollo 15, 16, and 17 missions, the astronauts piloted the LRV on the moon.
Beyond Apollo, Marshall engineers conceived the idea of ​​using the empty third stage of Saturn V as a space station. The Skylab space station was launched in 1973 on the Saturn V rocket for the last time. Skylab received three astronauts, each of whom was launched with a Saturn IB rocket. Skylab also showed off another work by Marshall, the Apollo telescope mount, which precisely points to a group of eight telescopes to observe the sun. The
Marshall Center used the Skylab microgravity environment to manage dozens of other science experiments, covering metallurgy, fluid dynamics, crystal growth, and other sciences.
The last Saturn IB sent a crew member into Earth orbit in 1975 to make the first connection between American and Soviet spacecraft in the Apollo Alliance test project.

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