August 14, 2022

India to build world’s largest 0.6 GW floating solar power plant

India plans to become a world leader not only in terms of solar power plant area, but also one of the first in the world in terms of floating solar power plant area. Recently, the country signed an agreement to create the world’s largest floating solar power plant with a capacity of 600 MW – this is an order of magnitude more powerful than the systems created so far. Huge solar fields on the water will provide electricity and save water from intense evaporation, which is important for life during a drought.

In addition, the placement of solar panels on the water allows you to smooth out the daily temperature fluctuations of the panels and equipment, which increases their lifespan. Also, the water directly cools the panels, as does the usual cool breeze above it, and this is the way to keep the panels high efficiency in the process of converting light into electricity.

The implementation of the new project – Omkareshwar Floating Solar – will take place in two stages. At the first stage, contractors AMP Energy, NHDC and SJVN will commission three units of a floating power plant with a total capacity of 278 MW. After that, the project management company – Rewa Ultra Mega Solar Limited (RUMSL) – will select contractors for the implementation of the second phase, during which over 300 MW of panels will be commissioned.

The construction of the floating power plant is estimated at 30 billion Indian rupees, which is equivalent to $378.7 million. The plant will be built on the Omkareshwar reservoir in the state of Madhya Pradesh in central India.

Indian operators have rich experience in managing floating solar plants. Last month, for example, Indian company NTPC completed the installation of 100 MW solar panels at a reservoir in the city of Ramagundam in Telangana state in the south of the country. The area of ​​the floating facility was 243 hectares. The volume of evaporated water decreased by 70% or by 2 billion m3 per year. The same company has previously put into operation two floating stations in other parts of the country: one with a capacity of 25 MW, the other with 92 MW.

In addition to solar power plants on lakes and reservoirs, the direction of offshore floating solar power plants is actively developing. Singapore is leading the way in this, although other countries in Southeast Asia are trying to follow the same route. There is plenty of sea around, although the waves complicate the task for engineers.

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